Drawing

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Drawing

Tue Feb 13, 2018 5:08 pm

Name: Drawing
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The art of using pencil, chalk or other mediums to create drawings. Usually done on parchment, it should be noted that this is not the Painting skill ~ that is the art and skill of creating paintings on canvas or other surfaces. Anything not using paints comes under drawing. Utilizing mixed methods requires both skills.
Drawing Techniques: Outline - The outline technique involves literally drawing a single line. This might range from light and fine to thicker and dark, depending on the amount of pressure applied. These can be drawn freehand or can utilise a straight or curved surface to draw around.

Hatching - Hatching is marking out small lines bunched together to create fill color from further away. This technique is usually used as a shading technique, and like outlines can be light or heavy by reducing or adding pressure.

Cross-Hatching - Cross-hatching utilises the same method as hatching, except the process is repeated in the opposite direction in a second layer on top of the first layer. Also a shading technique, this is a good way of adding darker shades to any drawing.

Stipping - Fundamentally the same as hatching except the stipping technique uses tiny lines, more like dots or small dashes. This can be used as a shading technique or as a fill technique.

Scumbling - Scumbling involves moving the pencil in small, circular motions keeping them all very compact. It can be used as a shading or filling technique.
Drawing Tools: Pencils, Chalks etc ~ any medium which is used for making marks on a surface is a drawing tool. Pencils, pens, chalks, wax and charcoal all form part of this group. They tend to vary widely in quality and are common throughout Idalos.

Examples of these include:
  • Graphite - Probably the most well known and used among artists is the graphite pencil. There are two scales used to determine the hardness of a graphite pencil’s core, and thus, it’s darkness. Pencils from 9H to H tend to have the hardest and thus, lightest shade. HB to 9xxB are softer and darker.
  • Charcoal - Charcoal pencils consist of compressed charcoal enclosed in a jacket of wood. Designed to be similar to graphite pencils while maintaining most of the properties of charcoal, they are often used for fine and crisp detailed drawings. Charcoal can also come without a wood casing and in this case, has a tendency to rub off on the user’s hands. This medium is very prone to smudging.
  • Ink - Ink is a liquid or paste that contains pigments or dyes and is used to color a surface to produce an image, text, or design. Ink is used for drawing or writing with a pen, brush, or quill. Thicker inks, in paste form, are used extensively in letterpress and lithographic printing.
  • Pastels - Pastels are an art medium in the form of a stick, often chalk or wax, consisting of pure powdered pigment and a binder. Can be prone to smudging.
  • Crayon - Colored wax sometimes wrapped in paper, crayons can come in a plethora of shapes and sizes. Resistant to wet media, such as ink or watercolor.
Parchment ~ drawing on to a parchment is the most usual means of drawing. This might be a single parchment held on an easel or a sketch pad. Parchment itself varies in quality, ranging from rough and difficult to work on to smooth and easy to draw upon.
Other Tools & Equipment Please note: Easels, erasers, pins for holding parchment in place and many other pieces might form part of a toolkit for drawing. At its most basic, however, pencil and parchment is all that is needed.

Straight Edges - A ruler or a device that appears much like a wooden ‘T’, straight edges assist artists hoping to achieve straight lines and is particularly useful for measuring and/or perspective.

Studio Bench/Art Horse - A wooden or steel bench that one straddles, it usually has a extension to rest one’s drawing board. Especially useful when drawing from life.

Drawing Board - A large flat board on which paper may be spread for artists or designers to work on.

Related Skills: Detection - Observation is an absolutely necessary skill for any artist trying to portray life like images. It is crucial to understand and notice the change in tones, or the slopes and curves of subject matter.

Painting - Painting is excellent, as it focuses less on line and form, and instead uses light and color to bring an image vibrancy and life. The two skills seem to go hand and hand, however those that draw well do not always paint well and vice versa.

Sculpting - Sculpting is useful as it helps the artist understand the different planes of a subject and how it sits in a space. Artists should strive to look past the 2-D form of an image and comprehend them in 3-D.

Skill Proficiency: Novice: 0-25
Novice artists are learning how to “see”, observing the world around them and translating those images on paper. Most commonly their work is not accurate at this stage, and will receive a lot of criticism from viewers. Making money on your work is unlikely, but not impossible. Focusing on line, shape and form are most common areas of interest, and artists tend to have a favored subject matter.

Competent: 26-49
At this level, artists are beginning to notice improvements in their work. Often times there is a strong resemblance between their art and the intended subject matter, however details may be off, such as tricky areas as anatomy, or accurate shading. It is important that artists don’t get discouraged at this stage, as they are capable of seeing the flaws of their work more and must make a decision to continue the path of study or not. It is certainly possible to make a living as an artist at this stage as the work is of a good standard.

Expert: 50-75
There is little that an artist at this level can’t replicate to some degree. While not everything drawn is perfect and there still tends to be favorite subject matter, this artist has an excellent grasp on form and perspective and their work will be highly sought after. The line quality is good and without “scratchiness”, and proportions are correct. An artist's style becomes very apparent at this stage, as they are familiar with the rules of art and how to break them.

Master: 76-100
What can't an artist draw at this point? Their work no longer is just a representation of something but has the power to evoke immense emotion from the viewer, images seemingly coming to life and demanding attention. Details are surreal, capable of creating optical illusions that trick the eye to believing it.

Credit:Bumblebee & Faith
Last edited by Faith on Sun Mar 18, 2018 3:12 pm, edited 3 times in total.
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Drawing

Mon Mar 12, 2018 9:57 pm

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  • Bumblebee

    Here's what I wrote in a doc ages ago. Maybe we can combine write ups? Disregard this is you're not interested. :)

    DRAWING


    OVERVIEW: [Description Here]

    Helpful Drawing Tools

    Straight Edges - A ruler or a device that appears much like a wooden ‘T’, straight edges assist artists hoping to achieve straight lines and is particularly useful for measuring and/or perspective.

    Studio Bench/Art Horse - A wooden or steel bench that one straddles, it usually has a extension to rest one’s drawing board. Especially useful when drawing from life.

    Drawing Board - A large flat board on which paper may be spread for artists or designers to work on.

    Various Media

    Graphite - Probably the most well known and used among artists is the graphite pencil. There are two scales used to determine the hardness of a graphite pencil’s core, and thus, it’s darkness. Pencils from 9H to H tend to have the hardest and thus, lightest shade. HB to 9xxB are softer and darker.

    Charcoal - Charcoal pencils consist of compressed charcoal enclosed in a jacket of wood. Designed to be similar to graphite pencils while maintaining most of the properties of charcoal, they are often used for fine and crisp detailed drawings. Charcoal can also come without a wood casing and in this case, has a tendency to rub off on the user’s hands. This medium is very prone to smudging.

    Ink - Ink is a liquid or paste that contains pigments or dyes and is used to color a surface to produce an image, text, or design. Ink is used for drawing or writing with a pen, brush, or quill. Thicker inks, in paste form, are used extensively in letterpress and lithographic printing.

    Pastels - Pastels are an art medium in the form of a stick, often chalk or wax, consisting of pure powdered pigment and a binder. Can be prone to smudging.

    Crayon - Colored wax sometimes wrapped in paper, crayons can come in a plethora of shapes and sizes. Resistant to wet media, such as ink or watercolor.

    Art basics
    Keeping a Sketchbook - While not a rule, keeping a sketchbook or a collection of an artist’s work is highly recommended. Sketchbooks are often a safe place for experimentation and a place to flesh out ideas. They can be as in depth or as simple as the owner wishes and just as customizable. Paper qualities can vary from having very toothy paper to more smooth sheets. Any blank journal will do.

    Line - A line is a path created by a point moving in space. It is one-dimensional and can vary in width, direction, and length. Lines often define the edges of a form and can be horizontal, vertical, diagonal, straight or curved, thick or thin. They lead your eye around the composition and can communicate information through their character and direction.

    Gesture Drawing - Quick, expressional drawings, gestures are meant to capture the movement and idea of a piece, such as a dancer in motion. Details are not common, and gesture is a good way to plan a piece before fleshing it out further.

    Perspective - A bane to many artists, perspective is one of the logical parts of the craft. It is the technique used to represent three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface (a piece of paper or canvas, for instance ) in a way that looks natural and realistic. Perspective is used to create an illusion of space and depth on a flat surface (or the picture plane).

    Anatomy -

    Form -

    Related skills for Success

    Detection - Observation is an absolutely necessary skill for any artist trying to portray life like images. It is crucial to understand and notice the change in tones, or the slopes and curves of subject matter.
    Painting - Painting is excellent, as it focuses less on line and form, and instead uses light and color to bring an image vibrancy and life. The two skills seem to go hand and hand, however those that draw well do not always paint well and vice versa.
    Sculpting - Sculpting is useful as it helps the artist understand the different planes of a subject and how it sits in a space. Artists should strive to look past the 2-D form of an image and comprehend them in 3-D.

    PROFICIENCY PER SKILL RANK

    NOVICE
    Novice artists are learning how to “see”, observing the world around them and translating those images on paper. Most commonly their work is not accurate at this stage, and will receive a lot of criticism from viewers. Making money on your work is unlikely, but not impossible. Focusing on line, shape and form are most common areas of interest, and artists tend to have a favored subject matter.

    COMPETENT
    At this level, artists are beginning to notice improvements in their work. Often times there is a resemblance between their art and the intended subject matter, however details may be off, such as tricky areas as anatomy, or accurate shading. It is important that artists don’t get discouraged at this stage, as they are capable of seeing the flaws of their work more and must make a decision to continue the path of study or not.

    EXPERT
    There is little that an artist at this level can’t replicate to some degree. While not everything drawn is perfect and there still tends to be favorite subject matter, this artist had a good grasp on form and perspective. The line quality is good and without “scratchiness”, and proportions are correct. An artist's style becomes very apparent at this stage, as they are familiar with the rules of art and how to break them.

    MASTER
    Everyone wants to meet a master, few ever do. This

    LEGENDARY
    What can't an artist draw at this point? Their work no longer is just a representation of something but has the power to evoke immense emotion from the viewer, images seemingly coming to life and demanding attention. Details are surreal, capable of creating optical illusions that trick the eye to believing it.

    Knowledge Ideas:

    Drawing: Line Quality
    Drawing: Break Up Complex Images to Simple Shapes
    Drawing: How to Observe Your Subject Matter
    Drawing: One Point Perspective
    Drawing: Two Point Perspective
    Drawing: Three Point Perspective
    Drawing: Push Your Values
    Drawing: Cross-hatching
    Drawing: Stippling
    Drawing: Draw From the Shoulder
    Drawing: How to Hold Your Pencil
    Drawing: How To Ink a Drawing
    Drawing: Sketch with Light Strokes
    Drawing: What is a Still Life
    Drawing: Basic Composition Rules
    Drawing: Pay Attention to the Light Source
    Drawing: How to Draw Different Fabrics
    Drawing: Illustrating Texture
    Drawing: How to Show Movement in a Piece
    Drawing: How to Determine Your Subject Matter
    Drawing: How Crayon and Ink Interact Together
    Drawing: Express Emotion Through Art
    Drawing: Give Your Piece a Purpose
    Drawing: Multiple Light Sources Affect Color
    Drawing: How to Create Balance in Your Piece
    Drawing: Understanding Proportions
    Drawing: How to Create Smooth Gradation
    Drawing: What are the Elements of Art
    Drawing: Vary Line Thickness
    Drawing: Shapes Express Different Feelings to the Viewer
    Drawing: Squares and Rectangles Can Portray Strength and Stability
    Drawing: Circles and Ellipses Can Represent Continuous Movement
    Drawing: Triangles Lead the Eye in an Upward Movement
    Drawing: Inverted Triangles Create a Sense of Imbalance and Tension
    Drawing: Form is Representational or Abstract.
    Drawing: Human Anatomy (Male)
    Drawing: Human Anatomy (Female)
    Drawing: Improve Drawing Speed with Quick Gestures
    Drawing: ‘S’& ‘C’ Curves in the Figure
    Drawing: What is a Stiff Pose
    Drawing: Work in Layers When Drawing with Pastel
    Drawing: Do Not Primarily Shade By Smudging with Your Finger
    Drawing: No Mistakes, Only Happy Accidents
    Drawing: How to Replicate the Style of Others
    Drawing: Observe the Work of Grandmaster’s
    Drawing: Working with Overlays
    Drawing: Ghost the Line
    Drawing: X-Y-Z Coordinate System
    Drawing: Finding Vanishing Points on the Picture Plane
    Drawing: The Minor Axis is Key
    Drawing: Perspective Grid Construction
    Drawing: How to Mirror Tilted Planes
    Drawing: How to Create Smooth Gradients
    Drawing: Use Color to Amplify Emotion
    Drawing: Find Your Own Style
    Drawing: The Different Types of Erasers
    Drawing: How to Use a View Finder
    Drawing: Vary Your Design to Interest the Eye
    Drawing: How to Exaggerate Well
    Drawing: Expression Through A Self Portrait


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Drawing

Sun Mar 18, 2018 3:12 pm

Thank you so much! I've combined them both - and I think it's ready to go for approval / comment?
"Every evil has its good, and every ill an antidote."

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Drawing

Wed Aug 01, 2018 6:21 am

YAY!
I get to be a pain-in-the-butt, and have some criticism!! :twisted:

I admit, I am no expert on the history of the development of the pencil, but if we are assuming nothing more modern than parchment, shouldn't we figure that graphite pencils are not yet on the horizon?
If, however, I am flat out wrong, and the means and motivation to case graphite within a cylinder of some material WAS around, I will, of course, defer.

Also, there needs to be mention of techniques of acquiring the look of Texture, as well as Shading.

For instance one would not use crosshatching to shade the look of cheek structure under the skin of facial sketch.
I always used something more akin to scumbling, with a soft-tipped pencil, for that.
It may even require a brush as an additional tool. or even just rubbing a fingertip.
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